Monday, October 25, 2010
W. Shanhouse and Sons: Another Lost History
One company that appears over and over again in my collection is W. Shanhouse and Sons. I have seen so many gorgeous well made jackets by this company from the 1900-1930 period that it has spiked my curiosity. Given that I might buy or trade 10 jackets a year from this period, I can tell you I had 4 from Shanhouse in my hands this year alone. That tells me a couple of things. Either they were massive producers of leather jackets in this period, or they were very popular ....or they were so well made and well loved that they lasted a long long time.
The leather and cuts on these jackets is always spectacular. So of course, being the nerd that I am, I spent a couple of late evenings looking for information about the family that made this lasting legacy of beautiful garments. That process of research is really quite limited as I can't really leave my living-room and visit Rockford, Ill. or visit their archives. I use a more intuitive process that involves conjecture, obituaries and an understanding of the Schmata business from back in the day.
I looked up the name Shanhouse on the Jewish archives and several immigration archives indicated that most of the Shanhouses in the US came from Russia. Always a good start. That being said the number one search that showed up was a landmark legal case brought against W. Shanhouse regarding compensating an injured employee of the company!
The second largest search item to come up was the early list of the United Garment Workers of America, and all their unionized shops of which a couple were right here in Toronto and W. Shanhouse was on that list. I know that many many of the Polish and Russian Jews immigrating to North American were followers of Trotsky, my grandfather included. This made a very easy transition for a lot of workers and owners as their companies grew to run fully unionized shops. As an added benefit, the major markets for garments in the period were the massively growing force of factory workers and many would only buy garments with union labels. Small shops sewing would quickly grow and unionization was often the sign or cost of success. I tracked down this obit of William Shanhouse who must have been a descendant of W. Shanhouses sons (Jacob) That infers to me that the W. in W. Shanhouse might be William as a family name!
Now this is mostly conjecture, but I found early adverts advertising W. Shanhouse and Sons motor suits. One has to assume the Shanhouse family rose to success parallelling the rise of the Great Lakes automobile industry. Clearly the car industry provided massive opportunities for creative tailors to make work clothing that became job specific.
The last piece I could find in this mystery was an obituary from Raymond Morris. Now Raymond married a daughter of Shanhouse. Which one I cannot tell, she was likely from the dates a granddaughter of the founder. So this company spanned many many generations of Americans. Morris became the paymaster for the Manhattan project (building the bomb) and eventually married a Shirl Shanhouse. Morris moved to Shreveport, Louisiana to run W. Shanhouse and Sons huge wartime production facility there. Obviously W. Shanhouse's little leather shop grew into a massive enterprise.
How ironic that the likely immigrant from Eastern European Socialism ends up connected to both the Manhattan project and huge wartime uniform production. On a side note; many times as Schmata factories grew they would often have to move and spread to several cities to keep up with the demand for sewers. Often a large company might find no more available skilled trades to meet the rapidly growing industry. This is especially the case today where there are fewer and fewer people willing to do